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Antibiotic resistance in children with urinary infections is high and could render some antibiotics ineffective as first-line treatments, warns a study published by The BMJ today.

Antimicrobial resistance is an internationally recognised threat to health. Throughout the world, children are frequent consumers of antibiotics - and such routine use has been shown to increase the probability of antibiotic resistance in adults with urinary tract infections. Yet little is known about the prevalence of bacterial resistance in children or the risk factors of importance in this group. Read the full article.

Lead author and School trainee, Ashley Bryce, PhD student at the Centre for Academic Primary Care, University of Bristol highlights that “Prevalence of resistance to commonly prescribed antibiotics in primary care in children with urinary tract infections caused by E coli is high, particularly in countries outside the OECD, where one possible explanation is the availability of antibiotics over the counter.”

Article in the Telegraph, 15 March 2016: Half of children resistant to the most common antibiotics

Article in The Guardian, 16 March, 2016: Antibiotics becoming ineffective at treating some child infections

Article on BT website: Study warns of 'ineffective' antibiotics amid high resistance rates