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  • Principal Investigator: Sarah Dean
  • 1 January 2022 to 31 July 2022
  • Project No: 513
  • Funding round: FR1

Accidental urine leakage (incontinence) affects the wellbeing of women throughout their lives; sometimes starting early with teenagers’ ‘giggle’ incontinence or leakage during sports. Ten percent of women aged between 19 and 30 experience incontinence, one in three during pregnancy, nearly half after childbirth and many still experience symptoms years later.

Incontinence places high burden on NHS resources and society. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) are effective yet PFME education is limited or too late, many women do not do PFME routinely. Instead they experience guilt, blaming themselves for leakage, wishing they had known about PFME. Embarrassment and assumptions that incontinence is ‘normal’ prevents help seeking.


 Emma Pitchforth


Amount awarded: £45,561

Projects by themes

We have grouped projects under the five SPCR themes in this document

Evidence synthesis working group

The collaboration will be conducting 18 high impact systematic reviews, under four workstreams.